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Janos Scholz

Janos Scholz Musical Score Collection, 1903-1993

 

Born in Sopron, Hungary, Janos Scholz (1903-1993)was a fifth-generation violoncellist in a musical family. He began his study of the cello as a child, continuing his musical studies and obtained his diploma from the Royal Hungarian Academy of Music in Budapest. One of his teachers was Ernst von Dohnanyi. After graduating from the Academy, Scholz became first cellist of the Budapest Symphony Orchestra. He later played with the Budapest Opera and various chamber music groups and gave solo recitals in Hungary, Austria, Italy, France and England. In 1932, he joined the Roth Quartet, which toured widely. When the group arrived in the United States in 1933, the rise of Fascism in Europe led its members to obtain U.S. citizenship, and Scholz took up residence in Manhattan. According to Scholz, he arrived in this country with nothing but "a suitcase and a cello."

 

Scholz was also an accomplished viola da gamba performer and was the first to record the Bach Gamba Sonatas (Columbia 1938). His notable of viola da gamba and cello bows now belongs to the Smithsonian Institution. In addition to performing, Scholz was also a teacher. He trained Yo Yo Ma for years before the young cellist went on to Julliard. Scholz was an avid collector and had dual interests in music and art. He was professor of Art History at Columbia University and New York University; his field was the development of Italian Draughtmanship and Connoisseurship. Scholz assembled a large and comprehensive collection of Italian Master drawings, which he gave to the Pierpont Morgan Library in New York in 1973. Besides editing texts for gamba music of Handel and Marcello and violoncello literature of the 18th century, Scholz was also an iconography specialist for instrument and musical subjects in painting.He was also an accomplished viola da gamba performer and was the first to record the Bach Gamba Sonatas. In 1990, Scholz was the recipient of Indiana University's Chevalier du Violoncelle.

 

The Scholz Collection was willed to Jackson Library and began to arrive in 1994. When asked about the disposition of his various priceless collections, Scholz said, "I don't regret giving anything away. I never thought of these things as my own. I always considered that I had them in trust."

 

The collection contains approximately 800 scores. Many of these scores date to the 18th and 19th century. A unique feature of the collection is Scholz's annotated piece for viola da gamba. The publication dates of the scores within the collection range from 1733-1988.

 

Not all items from this collection have been digitzed. New items are being added regularly.

 

Browse all items in the digital collection

 

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