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University Archives and History

History of Hospitals in Greensboro, NC

About the hospitals

Early hospitals and sanitaria/sanitoria
These items feature information on Greensboro’s sanitaria/sanitoria. Most of the materials are from the early twentieth century.

 

St. Leo’s Catholic Hospital
Since the early 1900s, doctors in the area, other groups, and the Catholic Church had been pushing for the establishment of a hospital in Greensboro. St. Leo’s Catholic Hospital, located on Summit Avenue, opened on April 8, 1906. As Greensboro’s first modern hospital and nursing school, it served the community for half a century. St. Leo’s officially closed its doors in 1955.

 

Wesley Long Hospital
Wesley Long Community Hospital was founded in 1917 by Dr. John Wesley Long. The hospital moved from its downtown facility to a large new campus on Elam Avenue in 1961 and the building was significantly expanded in 1976. Wesley Long was acquired by Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital in 1996 and remains a part of the Cone Health network today.

 

L. Richardson Memorial Hospital and L. Richardson Nursing School
The L. Richardson Memorial Hospital, Greensboro's first modern hospital for African Americans opened in 1927 on Benbow Road. The facility was expanded in 1946, and the hospital relocated to a new, modern facility at the intersection of I-85 and US-29 in 1966. By 1994, the facility had been taken over by Vencor and was operating under the name of Vencor Hospital Greensboro. In 2001, the company rebranded itself and the hospital under the Kindred name.

 

Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital
Founded through a trust fund established by Bertha Cone, widow of Moses Cone, the Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital opened on February 20, 1953. Two stories were added to the original facility in 1960, and numerous other additions have more than tripled the size of the hospital. Cone was desegregated in 1963 following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Simkins v. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital. After mergers in the 1980s and 1990s, Cone Health came to own three hospitals in Greensboro and one each in Burlington and Reidsville, in addition to numerous regional healthcare facilities.

 

Greensboro Hospital (later Humana Hospital and Women's Hospital)
Greensboro Hospital, the 63rd member of the Humana (formerly Extendicare) chain, opened in 1977 as Greensboro's first for-profit hospital. There had been considerable controversy prior to its opening and relations with the Greensboro medical community remained somewhat tense during much of Humana's ownership. In 1982, the name was changed to Humana Hospital-Greensboro. Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital purchased the facility in 1988 and reinstated the Greensboro Hospital name through 1990, when the facility became the Women's Hospital of Greensboro, still under Cone ownership.

Navigating the materials for research

Books
These books offer history of hospitals and health care in and around Greensboro, North Carolina.

 

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